Dermatitis and Cellulitis in Leopard Geckos (Eublepharis macularius) Caused by the Chrysosporium Anamorph of Nannizziopsis vriesii.
College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Medical Hospitals, Gainesville, Florida.
An epizootic of ulcerative to nodular ventral dermatitis was observed in a large breeding colony of 8-month to 5-year-old leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) of both sexes. Two representative mature male geckos were euthanized for diagnostic necropsy. The Chrysosporium anamorph of Nannizziopsis vriesii (CANV) was isolated from the skin lesions, and identification was confirmed by sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer region of the rRNA gene. Histopathology revealed multifocal to coalescing dermal and subcutaneous heterophilic granulomas that contained septate fungal hyphae. There was also multifocal epidermal hyperplasia with hyperkeratosis, and similar hyphae were present within the stratum corneum, occasionally with terminal chains of arthroconidia consistent with the CANV. In one case, there was focal extension of granulomatous inflammation into the underlying masseter muscle. This is the first report of dermatitis and cellulitis due to the CANV in leopard geckos.
Labels: Cellulitis, Dermatitis, epidermal hyperplasia, Eublepharis macularius, heterophilic granulomas, hyperkeratosis, Leopard Geckos, septate fungal hyphae