Monday, November 19, 2012

Recurrent Helicobacter cinaedi Cellulitis and Bacteremia in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Recurrent Helicobacter cinaedi Cellulitis and Bacteremia in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.



Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Japan.


A 31-year-old woman who had developed systemic lupus erythematosus at 17 years of age was admitted to the hospital for suspected cellulitis in the lower extremities. A blood culture performed upon admission to the hospital detected Helicobacter cinaedi (H. cinaedi), which was also isolated in blood and fecal cultures obtained on the 42nd hospital day. Bacterial translocation of H. cinaedi present in the intestines may have led to the development of recurrent bacteremia and cellulitis. In cases such as this, appropriate antibiotics therapy might be needed for more than one month. Moreover, H. cinaedi, a cause of emerging infections, requires a long period of time to grow; therefore it is important to extend the culture duration when the presence of this bacterium is suspected.

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