Tuesday, March 06, 2007

Streptococcus pneumoniae cellulitis in a diabetic patient

Streptococcus pneumoniae cellulitis in a diabetic patient
Med Mal Infect. 2007 Feb 28

Bouzat P,
Broux C,
Soriano E,
Pavese P,
Croize J,
Stahl JP,
Jacquot C.
Service de reanimation chirurgicale, departement d'anesthesie et de reanimation-I, CHU de Grenoble, BP 217 X, 38043 Grenoble cedex, France.

Pneumococcal cellulitis is an uncommon infection. Head, neck, and trunk are usually affected in patients with hematological malignancies and lupus erythematosus. Limb cellulitis is frequently observed in patients with diabetes mellitus, drug abusers, or alcoholics. Patients present with septic shock most of the time. Surgical treatment is necessary in 50% of the cases. The outcome is usually favorable. We describe the case of a 72-year-old alcoholic patient with diabetes mellitus presenting with cellulitis and septic shock.

Serotype 19 Streptococcus pneumoniae with abnormal susceptibility to penicillin (MIC: 0.75 mg/l) was isolated from cellulitis and in blood culture. The evolution was favorable after itavenous antibiotherapy combining ceftriaxone(DCI) (2 g/j), metronidazole(DCI) (1 g/j), and ciprofloxacin(DCI).

PMID: 17336015 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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