Tuesday, September 11, 2012

Neonatal cellulitis caused by group B Streptococcus.

Neonatal cellulitis caused by group B Streptococcus.

August 2012

[Article in French]


Service de réanimation pédiatrique, hôpital des enfants, 330, avenue de Grande-Bretagne, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.


Dermohypodermitis (cellulitis) in newborn infants and in infants aged up to 3 months is uncommon and often not typical. Because group B Streptococcus is known to induce rapid life-threatening complications, early diagnosis leading to emergency treatment is of utmost importance. We report on the case of a 14-day-old girl, initially admitted for viral bronchiolitis with suspected bacterial pulmonary infection, in the absence of any cutaneous injury. The disease actually wascellulitis of the face, caused by group B Streptococcus. The baby presented with a severe septic clinical condition. Early treatment with antibiotics (intravenous amoxicillin for 10 days) allowed a favorable course, with rapid control of the sepsis and regression of the submandibular tumefaction.

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