Neonatal cellulitis caused by group B Streptococcus.
[Article in French]
Service de réanimation pédiatrique, hôpital des enfants, 330, avenue de Grande-Bretagne, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.
Dermohypodermitis (cellulitis) in newborn infants and in infants aged up to 3 months is uncommon and often not typical. Because group B Streptococcus is known to induce rapid life-threatening complications, early diagnosis leading to emergency treatment is of utmost importance. We report on the case of a 14-day-old girl, initially admitted for viral bronchiolitis with suspected bacterial pulmonary infection, in the absence of any cutaneous injury. The disease actually wascellulitis of the face, caused by group B Streptococcus. The baby presented with a severe septic clinical condition. Early treatment with antibiotics (intravenous amoxicillin for 10 days) allowed a favorable course, with rapid control of the sepsis and regression of the submandibular tumefaction.
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Labels: amoxicillin, bacterial pulmonary infection, bronchiolitis, Dermohypodermitis, neonatal cellulitis. group B streptococcus