Monday, January 01, 2007

Risk factors for recurrent lower extremity cellulitis in a u.s. Veterans medical center population.

Risk factors for recurrent lower extremity cellulitis in a u.s. Veterans medical center population.
Am J Med Sci. 2006 Dec

Lewis SD,
Peter GS,
Gomez-Marin O,
Bisno AL.

From the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Miami, Florida.

BACKGROUND:

Despite the frequency of recurrent acute cellulitis of the lower extremities, factors associated with this infection have not been previously assessed in a case-control study among patients admitted to U.S. hospitals.

METHODS:

We compared the clinical characteristics of 47 patients with those of 94 age- and sex-matched control subjects admitted to the Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

RESULTS:

In a multivariate analysis, two physical factors, lower extremity edema and body mass index, one behavioral factor, smoking, and one demographic factor, homelessness, were significantly and independently associated with recurrent cellulitis. The latter two factors have not previously been reported to be independently associated with cellulitis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that increased emphasis on weight loss, smoking cessation, and improved foot hygiene in the homeless might decrease recurrences of lower extremity cellulitis.

PubMed

Related Abstracts

Risk factors for acute cellulitis of the lower limb: a prospective case-control study.

Oedema as a risk factor for multiple episodes of cellulitis/erysipelas of the lower leg: a series with community follow-up.

Lower limb cellulitis: features associated with length of hospital stay.

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